Pakistan shares a 1,200 kilometers long coastline with the Arabian Sea – a mid-sea which joins the strategic oil line of the Persian Gulf with the Indian Ocean. However, owing to the growing needs of the country, there was a need to develop other smaller coastal ports into major cargo handling ports.
Karachi Port is the hub of Pakistan’s entire economic activities as 98 percent of the entire foreign trade is conducted through this port. Read more about the history of Karachi Port. As such Karachi Port is being modernized at a total cost of Rs. 5 billion including World Bank loan of US $ 91.4 million. The Government has increased emphasis on an early completion of the entire scheme.
Port Muhammad Bin Qasim
With the coming up of the Steel Mills near Karachi and to meet the increasing demand for coal, it was decided to construct a seaport some 35 kilometers west of Karachi. It was constructed in the late 1970s and named after the Muslim general Muhammad bin Qasim who captured the area around 712 A.D.
Gwadar Deep Sea Port
Gwadar was once a fishing village on the Arabian Sea coast in Balochistan province and some 72 kilometers from the Iranian border. It is situated about 400km from the Strait of Hormuz, a major conduit for global oil supplies. More than 13 million bbl/d of oil pass through the Strait. It is strategically located between three increasingly important regions: the oil-rich Middle East, heavily populated South Asia and the economically emerging and resource-laden region of Central Asia.
Ormara is a small port located on the Makran coastline along the Arabian Sea in Balochistan province of Pakistan. It is located 450 kilometers west of Karachi, and east of coastal village Pasni. Jinnah naval base of Pakistan Navy is also located at Ormara. Ormara also has a small airport for the landing of short-run aircraft like the Fokker.
Pasni is a medium-sized town and a fishing port along the Makran coastline Balochistan, Pakistan. It is located about 300 km from Karachi. The townhouses a modern fish harbor and Port of Pasni, with fishing being the main occupation of the town dwellers. The frozen catch is also sent to Turbat and Karachi for sale in the larger markets.
Jiwani – a small fishing harbor, holds strategic importance in the region, located immediately adjacent to the shipping lanes to and from the Persian Gulf. This is the main reason that the town hosts a small naval base and an airport with a 5,500-foot runway.